In regard to the emerald, we must begin with its origins and formation. According to geological studies, the formation of this precious stone is a complex and one-of-a-kind procedure. As is common knowledge, Colombian emeralds are unique in the world, not only because of their quality and color but also because of their formation process, which is entirely distinct from that of other producing regions. Boyacá and Cundinamarca are the exploitation regions of Colombia. The Municipality of Muzo in the northwest of the Department of Boyacá, the municipalities of Gachetá and Gachalá in the northeast of Cundinamarca, and the mines of Borbur, Coscuez, Chivor, Peñas Blancas, and Otanche in Boyacá contain the majority of Colombia´s emerald deposits. The emerald is one of the four primary precious stones and is highly prized for its beauty in the jewelry industry.